Saturday 17 November 2018, 10:45 PM
Indian Navy gets sub rescue vessels from UK
By Sushil Sharma (BDK) | Bharat Defence Kavach | Publish Date: 6/19/2018 12:46:16 PM
Indian Navy gets sub rescue vessels from UK

As Indian Navy’s submarine arm has started new inductions like the Scorpene submarine, it is now also looking to induct deep search and rescue vehicles (DSRV). The first two such vessels are expected to join the Navy in June this year while New Delhi is in talks with Russia for a long-term programme.

An underwater rescue vessel can be the difference between life and death for the crew of a crippled submarine. Accident at high seas can cause death to 30-40 sailors in submarine. India is acquiring two of submarine rescue systems from James Fisher Defence (JFD) of Scotland under a £193 million ( Rs 1750 crore) contract signed in 2016. The vessels completed their harbour trials in February this year and area expected to join the Naval fleet this month.The Scotland  based company’s contract includes the design, build and supply of two complete systems, which include the DSRVs, launch and recovery system equipment, transfer under pressure systems, and all logistics and support equipment required to operate the service, plus a 25-year in service support contract.
 
The Russian connection:  India has long operated Russian submarines. It’s nuclear submarine the INS Arihant has come up after  major help from the Russians. India has leased a nuclear powered vessel the INS Chakra from its long standing military partner.   The Foxtrot class, that has been retired, and also the Kilo class – India operates nine of these -- are from Russia.
 
Apart from the Chakra and the Kilo class, the Navy has four German HDW vessels, making the total fleet of 15.The Indian Navy is carrying out price negotiations for a new rescue vessel. The ‘Igor Belousov’ class rescue vessel will be designed for rescue operations on conventional and nuclear-powered submarines – a fleet that is set to grow to at least six over the next decade in the Indian Navy.  The Russian ship is designed to carry out rescue operations – providing air and supplies to a crippled submarine as well as operating vessels close to it – up to a depth of 1000 meters. Designed to operate in rough seas, the Russian Navy has one such rescue ship operational and is likely to order four more for its fleet.

 
The NATO choice : The Indian Navy can also have the option of the NATO Submarine Rescue System(NSRS). NSRS is a proven rescue system. The Submarine Rescue Vehicle (SRV) component of NSRS is called NEMO. This is capable of rescuing 12 sailors at a time during stable emergency. The NEMO weighing only 30-tonnes can be placed in any part of the world within hours as it can be airlifted. The NEMO’s crew can be launched from the surface, reach the submarine in distress, latch upon the submarines hatch and then sailors can be transferred to the sea surface. 
 
What India has and the long process
 
Process to acquire DSRVs was initiated when the Request for Information was issued in 2010. The Navy needs a  3000 ton category DSRV.The new one will replace the rescue chamber which was acquired from Russia and deployed on the Nireekshak, a rescue launch vessel. The Navy is looking to allow the recovery of crew in a rough seas and from depths of 300 meters or more. To meet an emergency situation an agreement has been reached with the US Navy to facilitate the rescue of sailors in distress through US navy rescue equipment. Called the Indo-American Rescue Flyaway kit, this will be flown to India for rescuing the submariners in distress.
 
Sushil Sharma
 
 

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Indian,rescue,vessels,DSRV,Defence,Russians,Scotland,Scorpene,submarine,

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